Panic attacks happen to people as a result of a variety of triggers. Because people who suffer from panic attacks do not have a single trigger to attribute their panic attacks to, there’s also no standard treatment for panic attack. However, one such popular treatment for panic attack is psychotherapy. This, when used with other treatments that complement its effectiveness, is used to treat panic attacks.
While the causes of panic attacks are unknown and are often seen as random, they nonetheless manifested by a general profile of symptoms. This makes it easy to identify and subsequently develop treatment for panic attack, which may include psychotherapy and other therapeutic practices. Some of the most common symptoms are numbness felt in the hands, difficulty in breathing, nausea, dizziness, and chest pains worsened by arrhythmia or palpitations. At times, chills or hot flushes can also be felt during the height of a panic attack.
A possible treatment for panic attack that complements psychotherapy is cognitive-behavioral therapy. Using this treatment, behavior towards dealing with panic is normalized to the point that the mind is conditioned to deal proactively with panic to avoid a panic attack. Techniques that are employed include breathing exercises to help the muscles relax. Aside from trying to control physical manifestations of the beginnings of a panic attack, a patient also undergoes counseling to reassure him or her that fears are unfounded and will not yield to a great harm.
The fact that cognitive-behavioral therapy combines mental reassurance and physical relaxation methods is one of the reasons why it is an effective treatment for panic attack. This combination of mental and physical techniques reduces and eventually eliminates the occurrence of panic attacks.
In some patients with severe panic attacks and find psychotherapy and cognitive-behavioral therapy insufficient, medications such as antidepressants are usually prescribed. An example of an antidepressant medication prescribed by doctors is Tofranil. This treatment for panic attack helps in reducing anxieties and minimizes the occurrences of panic attacks. Patients generally respond to antidepressants and they find comfort in knowing that they are taking medications for treatment of panic attack.
Popular medicines like Prozac, Zoloft, Lexapro, Celexa, and Paxil act as selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors, and are often prescribed by doctors. They act as primary medications for the treatment for panic attack not only because of how effective they are, but because their popularity makes them readily available in pharmacies.
Usually, anti-anxiety drugs are used at the onset of therapy. Treatments usually begin using the lowest dose, and would progress in response to patient’s responsiveness to the drug and the patient’s needs.
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